Since the crop sensor is smaller, it will only take a section of what the full-frame lens offer. VR and IS are generally more geared towards people who shoot videos since we can deploy tripods in photography. Not your everyday lens for sure. I’m a beginner/novice with a long history of a technical interest in photography, currently in retirement and in a new absorption phase, sort of like a fisheye photo ripe for significant post processing. There should be something in the title, before you waste time clicking on it, that says, "This is a video, not something you might be hoping to read.". That is because these lenses let a lot of light into the camera, and are good for shooting in areas that are dimly lit (such as a concert hall). For architectural photographers, this is obviously extremely useful and, in some cases, crucial. This type of lens can have large apertures, especially compared with a zoom or normal lens. Straight horizons will appear to be curved, and tall buildings will become bent buildings… It can be disorienting if done wrong. Common usage: Generically almost everything – Casual, street, portrait, food, products, etc…, Advantages: You will find quite a lot of lenses within this focal length range, they are generally good for almost anything – Landscape, street, portrait, food, product, etc…. Before we go into the different types of lenses, there are a few common terms that we need to go through. May require some degree of correction before you get usable pictures. 6 Types of Camera Lenses Explained! I come by fstoppers via Google News on my phone. Read reviews online, check the sample photos, maybe even rent the lens to see if you really like the lens before buying. You need to familiarize yourself with are the various types of lenses available for your camera and the various definitions. Lenses with image stabilization are generally considered to have a slight edge over the rest that don’t. In a film camera, the lens sends the light to the film strip, while in a digital camera (like DSLRs or mirrorless cameras), the lens directs light to a digital sensor.Camera lenses are made up of a series of glass plates that are convex (curved outward) or concave (curved inward). Types of Camera Lenses Explained Also, the types of lenses available for DSLR cameras or mirrorless cameras are based around the lens mount , and not the focal length or lens capabilities. Welcome to a beginner’s guide on the different types of camera lenses. The crop lens cannot fill up the entire sensor, and you will be forced to shoot in “crop mode”. LENS MOUNT. Common usage: Nearly anything, mostly casual shots. Common usage: Shooting from far far away and staying safe – Wildlife and nature photography. They are ultra-wide and have an unmistakable distortion that is like looking through the eye of a fish. A lens marked STM has a stepping motor in its design. Advantages: Opens a new world of photography. Photography 101: Understanding Camera Lenses Basics, The aperture size is measured in f-stops or sometimes also called the f-number. We try not to write up content from other peoples videos because they ultimately deserve the views and the audience. The 18-55mm lens is a classic kit lens for both Nikon and Canon. For example, with a telephoto lens, you can quite easily completely blur out the background and produce flattering portraits. This is also the range where we can get a nice creamy background with the correct settings (bokeh). Focal length is the number one thing that every beginner should know when it comes to lenses in photography. You just want to know which one you should use. So the key to getting the right type of lens for yourself is to do your own homework. Focal length is the distance in millimetres from the imaging surface (film or sensor) and the optical centre of the lens when it is focused at infinity. But take that with a pinch of salt, as the quality of a lens really depends on the glass, not the aperture. This will result in a “zoom”, for example, a 50mm lens will appear to be 70mm on a sensor that has 1.4x crop factor. Lenses can either be labeled with a millimeter measurement or an actual name, so the 6 options can have 12 different names! Advantages: Keeps a good distance away from the subject. The smaller the f-number is, the larger the aperture size will be. Distinct signature fisheye distortion. So as to why this is related to lenses: Every lens attaches to the camera via different lens mounts – bayonet, friction-lock, screw-thread, etc… These technologies have changed over time and over different types of cameras. Common usage: Close up shots of insects, flowers, and products. Advantages: Good for shooting in dim places, produces creamy blurred backgrounds (what we call bokeh). There are so many camera lens types offered in the market that it can seem complicated. Front element: Collects light and bends it to the other lens elements 3. Again, the more technical way to say this is “a lens with fixed focal length”. What it is: The opposite of zoom lenses, prime lenses are fixed and cannot zoom. Advantages: Spy on somebody with this lens? Usman Dawood is a professional architectural photographer based in the UK. Fisheye lenses are usually about 8-16mm and capture a crazy 180 degrees view. Common usage: Probably almost every occasion – Portrait, food, street, products, etc.. All right, armed with the knowledge of the basic technical terms, it is time to explain the different types of camera lenses – From the big guns to small portable ones, what they are commonly used for, the advantages and disadvantages of each. Me? Excellent straight to the point explanation of lens types. The point is that having a good understanding of all the different kinds of lenses can be invaluable. Advantages: Captures a wide-angle of view. There is no video icon before I click to open the "article." Every lens attaches to the camera via different lens mounts – bayonet, friction-lock, screw-thread, etc… These technologies have changed over time and over different types of cameras. Common usage: Portrait, food, products, street photography. That is, for example, f/1.4 will open up wide open, while f/22 will close the blades to a small gap only. Probably some creative shots and not much else. What it is: As the name describes itself, this is a lens that zooms… Or if you want to make yourself look like an expert, just say “zoom lenses have a variable focal length”. Unfortunately, that’s what my recent purchase was, and done with the purpose of getting my feet wet in DSLR photography. Written articles and video articles both look the same on my news feed. The standard lens has a fixed focal length (50mm, 85mm, 100mm), and reproduces fairly accurately what the human eye sees – in terms of perspective and angle of view. They don’t really produce a lot of quality pictures. Every lens is built differently, uses different technology, and I guess you can call these “types of related lens technologies”. This is why it's important for photographers and videographers to understand all the different types of lenses that are available. This final section is not really touching on the types of lenses, but are the stuff related to it. Disadvantages: Macro lenses are rather specialized in macro photography only. Good for generic and everyday use. There are three different types of lenses for Canon consumer interchangeable lens cameras, these include EF, EF-S and EF-M. Advantages: Small, fits into pockets, light, good for travel and casual use. (I believe it was Ansel Adams). I despise videos. Filter thread: Lets you attach lens filters to modify light that reaches your camera sensor 2. Standard lenses can typically have a maximum aperture range from f2.8 to f1.2. I also recommend you check out some of the other videos on the channel, because aside from the brilliant production value, the content is fantastic. So always check if you are getting the correct lens for your camera. Red Dot Geek participates in the eBay Partner Network, an affiliate program designed for sites to earn commission fees by linking to ebay.com. Before we go any further, we’re assuming you have, or plan to purchase a digital camera the accommodates removable interchangeable lenses. Disadvantages: Don’t expect too much out of kit lenses. Advantages: Zoom lenses are simply more convenient. Since a range is given, we know that this is a zoom lens. Anyway, thank you for this lens type article, an hope I encounter more like this as my journey continues. Correctly-chosen types of lenses will capture crisp, detailed photographs, while a lens that is unsuited to the photograph will leave you with dull and even blurred images. Although this is not quite a big issue with expensive lenses that don’t suffer as much distortion. Prime lenses tend to have a larger maximum aperture, thus allowing more light into the camera – This is what we call a large aperture lens, and we will go right into that in the next point.