Hedgehog Mushrooms. Restricting the types of mushrooms to some basic pore, gilled or shelf mushroom categories does leave a big hole in the mushroom world. Common names such as puffballs, stink horns and jelly mushrooms all fit into the general mushroom category. —in case you didn’t know—is a species of fungus, and while its scientific name is certainly elegant, it doesn’t exactly roll off the tongue. Alternate Names: Tree oyster, angel's wings, pleurotte en huître, abalone mushroom, shimeji. In the wild, they grow on Chinese Hackberry trees, ash trees, mulberry trees, and persimmon trees. From dependable crimini to meaty morels, mushrooms have a lot to offer. Bulbous Honey Fungus // Armillaria gallica, 11. Snakeskin Grisette // Amanita ceciliae, 8. Mint Mildew // Neoerysiphe galeopsidis, 56. Epicurious may earn a portion of sales from products that are purchased through our site as part of our Affiliate Partnerships with retailers. Alternate Names: King oyster, trumpet royale, ali'i oyster, boletus of the steppes, king brown mushroom, French horn mushroom, king brown mushroom, It’s all about the thick, meaty stem on this jumbo mushroom, Alternate Names: Horn of plenty, black chanterelle, trumpet of the dead. Identifying Characteristics: Distinctive “honeycombed” cap, deeply wrinkled and yellow-grey. High in fiber and vitamins, mushrooms are also fat- and cholesterol-free. The Pretender // Boletus pseudoregius, 17. As the name implies, it is deadly. Gamba mushroom (Thelephora gambajun). 2 to 9 centimeters tall … They are a fun group of mushrooms to look for while hiking. © 2020 Condé Nast. These days, however, most shiitakes are cultivated. Hair Sedge Smut // Anthracoidea capillaris, 10. Like their namesakes, they're whitish in color and fan-shaped, and possess a delicate odor and flavor. With so many types of mushrooms, the possibilities (and recipes) are endless. Giant Puffball (Calvatia gigantea). This hardy mushroom grows in the winter on the West Coast. Pink Disco // Aleurodiscus wakefieldiae, 4. Elbowpatch Crust // Fomitiporia punctata, 41. Characteristics: Cooked, these crunchy brown-capped clusters are crunchy with a sweet nuttiness. Grifola frondosa, commonly known as hen-of-the-woods or maitake, is an edible mushroom that’s a favorite of mushroom hunters. Characteristics: With a sweet smell and taste, it makes sense that this mushroom is also called the "sweet tooth" (unless the mushroom is older — then it can take on a bitter flavor). Common Bird's Nest // Crucibulum laeve, 33. Alternate names: able mushroom, cultivated mushroom, button, champignon (de Paris). They're best identified by their umbrella-shaped brown caps, which curl under ever so slightly. This mushroom has an earthy aroma and a gamy flavor, and is native to both the northwestern United States and Japan. Vampires Bane // Mycetinis scorodonius, 54. Black trumpets have a rich, smoky flavor and notes of a black truffle mushroom when dried. They're popular around the world due to their versatility as well as their meat-like heft and texture — and these days, we generally don't have to travel further than the produce aisle to explore them all. The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of Condé Nast. Barometer Earthstar // Astraeus hygrometricus, 16. It is also a muscimol mushroom. This wavy fungi is a late-summer find in the Midwest and East and grows all winter in the West. Characteristics: From afar, this mushroom can look like a head of cabbage. Fresh shiitakes have a light woodsy flavor and aroma, while their dried counterparts are more intense. Moon Carrot Rust // Puccinia libanotidis, 64. It’s a lexical journey that does not disappoint, and seriously, if someone doesn’t feel compelled to pursue mycology and/or get a killer band name out of this, we’ll be very disappointed. Twisted Deceiver // Laccaria tortilis, 45. King oysters look similar to regular oyster mushrooms that are growing on … Mealy Oyster // Ossicaulis lignatilis, 58. Characteristics: Although these can be found in the wild growing on the sides of trees, the ones you'll find in the store or on a menu are most likely cultivated. As such, it has a recommended common name: Snaketongue Truffleclub. Dewdrop Dapperling // Chamaemyces fracidus, 20. Club Foot // Ampulloclitocybe clavipes, 9. Ad Choices. Powdery Piggyback // Asterophora lycoperdoides, 13. Dog's Mercury Rust // Melampsora populnea, 49. Fresh porcinis aren't as easy to locate in the United States, but dried ones are easily reconstituted by soaking in hot water. Although the crimino is darker, firmer and more flavorful than its cousin the white button mushroom, the two can be used interchangeably. They’re quite localised, but horn of plenty mushrooms are easy to see in some spots. Pavement Mushroom // Agaricus bitorquis, 3. Prized in Italy, these have a brief summer season in the East and pop up in the spring and fall on the West Coast. Shiitake Mushroom. The Humpback // Cantharellula umbonata, 18. Porcini mushrooms can be bought fresh or canned, but are most commonly sold dried. Alternate Names: Shitake, black forest, black winter, brown oak, Chinese black, black mushroom, oriental black, forest mushroom, golden oak, Donko. Midnight Disco // Pachyella violaceonigra, 59. (Because they're notoriously difficult to cultivate, chanterelles are usually foraged in the wild.) Clitocybe Nuda (Common names: Blue stalk mushroom, Wood blewit or blewitt)May cause allergic reactions. Less intensely flavored than many of its more exotic kin, it can be eaten either raw or cooked, and works well in soups and salads, and on pizzas. They grow wild east of the Mississippi River in August and September. Alternate Names: Shitake, black forest, … Harvest Season: A short time in springtime – exact window varies based on location. Chicken of the Woods // Laetiporus sulphureus, 46. Crunchy, nutty and meaty, this mushroom tastes very similar to a chanterelle. Alternate Names: Buna shimeji, beech brown mushroom, clamshell mushroom. Collected in southwestern China and sold in markets there. Fingered Candlesnuff // Xylaria digitata, 70. Distinguished Inkcap // Coprinus alopecius, 28. As such, it has a recommended common name: Snaketongue Truffleclub. The horn of plenty mushroom is a woodland mushroom that favours deciduous woods and is often found in groups. Purple Jellydisc // Ascocoryne sarcoides, 12. Mushrooms (or toadstools) is a term given to the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting bodies that certain fungi produce. Jack O Lantern // Omphalotus illudens, 57. Drumstick Truffleclub // Cordyceps capitata, 30. They are particularly abundant in the West and Pacific Northwest from September into the cold months. Amanita muscaria, commonly known as the fly agaric or fly amanita, is a basidiomycete of the genus Amanita. Characteristics: In Japanese, shiitake means "oak fungus," which describes where the mushrooms can be found in the wild.

green mushroom names

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