Indian physicist Satyendra Nath Bose is known for working with Albert Einstein on the Bose-Einstein Condensate and as the namesake of the boson, or “God particle.”. After completing his master's degree, Bose became a research scholar at the University of Calcutta in 1916, and began his studies on the theory of relativity. The pair continued to present papers on theoretical physics and pure mathematics for several years following. While studying at the University of Calcutta, Bose also served as a lecturer in the physics department. Physicist Ernest Rutherford was the central figure in the study of radioactivity who led the exploration of nuclear physics. Satyendra Nath Bose was born into a middle class family on January 1, 1894 in British India’s capital city, Calcutta, Bengal Presidency. Pronunciation of Satyendra Nath Bose with 1 audio pronunciation, 4 synonyms, 4 translations and more for Satyendra Nath Bose. ", The editorial went on to say that what people do not realize that is the naming of all bosons after Bose "actually denotes greater importance.". Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. He made two important contributions in mathematical physics one in his 20s and the other in his fifties. In 1919, he and Saha prepared the first English-language book based on German and French translations of Albert Einstein's original special and general relativity papers. Bose also became an adviser to the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, as well as president of the Indian Physical Society and the National Institute of Science. Abdul Kalam was an Indian scientist and politician who served his country as president from 2002 to 2007. After 25 years in Dhaka, Bose moved back to Calcutta in 1945 and continued to research and teach there until his death in 1974. Einstein had adopted Bose's idea and extended it to atoms, which led to the prediction of the existence of phenomena that became known as the Bose-Einstein Condensate, a dense collection of bosons—particles with integer spin that were named for Bose. Satyendra Nath Bose, (born January 1, 1894, Calcutta [now Kolkata], India—died February 4, 1974, Calcutta), Indian mathematician and physicist noted for his collaboration with Albert Einstein in developing a theory regarding the gaslike qualities of electromagnetic radiation (see Bose-Einstein … Noun 1. Bosons all have integral intrinsic angular momentum—i.e.. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Physicist Enrico Fermi built the prototype of a nuclear reactor and worked on the Manhattan Project to develop the first atomic bomb. He received such high scores on the exams for each degree that not only was he in first standing but, for the latter, he even created a new record in the annals of the University of Calcutta, which has yet to be surpassed. Satyendranath Bose 's mother, Amodini Devi, had received little formal education but she skilfully brought up her large family of seven children. He passed the entrance exam to the Hindu School, one of India's oldest schools, with flying colors and stood fifth in the order of merit. Satyendra Nath Bose Essay: Bose was a rare combination of kaleidoscopic versatility and evergreen vivacity. This article was most recently revised and updated by,, MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive - Biography of Satyendranath Bose, - Biography of Satyendra Nath Bose, Famous Inventors - Biography of Satyendra Nath Bose, Satyendra Nath Bose - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences in Salt Lake, Calcutta. Updates? Indian physicist Satyendra Nath Bose discovered what became known as bosons and went on to work with Albert Einstein to define one of two basic classes of subatomic particles. "Many in India were smarting over what they saw as a slight against one of their greatest scientist," The Huffington Post wrote in a July 10, 2012, article. Satyendranath Bose was born on the January 1, 1894 in Calcutta (now Kolkata). The paper would later prove seminal in creating the field of quantum statistics. Regardless of the honors and recognition his own country bestowed upon Bose, the international community failed, for the most part, to regard him as a scientist who made a major discovery. Satyendranath Bose synonyms, Satyendranath Bose pronunciation, Satyendranath Bose translation, English dictionary definition of Satyendranath Bose. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Bose’s achievements in scientific research were not as sustained or as numerous as those of his contemporaries like C. V. Raman,(1) Meghnad Saha (2) and K. S. Krishnan,(3) together with whom he became a pioneer of education and research in modern physics in India. S. N. Bose was one of India’s most eminent scientists. The Indian government honored Bose in 1954 with the title Padma Vibhushan, the second-highest civilian award in India.

satyendra nath bose

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